Modular Employable Skills
Modular Employable Skills (MES) under
Skill Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS) The skill level
and educational attainment of the workforce determines the
productivity as well as the ability to adapt to the changing
industrial environment. A majority of Indian workforce does
not possess marketable skills which is an impediment in
getting decent employment and improving their economic
condition. While India has large young population, only 5% of
the Indian labour force in the age group of 20-24 years has
obtained vocational skills through formal means whereas the
percentage in industrialized countries varies between 60% and
96%. About 63% of the school students drop out at different
stages before reaching Class-X. Only about 2.5 million
vocational training seats are available in the country whereas
about 12.8 million persons enter the labour market every year.
Even out of these training places, very few are available for
early school dropouts. This signifies that a large number of
school drop outs do not have access to skill development for
improving their employability. The educational entry
requirements and long duration of courses of the formal
training system are some of the impediments for a person of
low educational attainment to acquire skills for his
livelihood. Further, the largest share of new jobs in India is
likely to come from the unorganised sector that employs up to
93 per cent of the national workforce, but most of the
training programmes cater to the needs of the organized
Honourable Minister of Finance during the
budget speech 2005-06 made the following announcement: “ To
meet the demand for specific skills of a high order, a Public
Private Partnership between Government and Industry is
proposed to promote skills development programme under the
name ‘Skill Development Initiative’….”. Accordingly, Ministry
of Labour & Employment undertook development of a new
strategic framework for skill development for early school
leavers and existing workers, especially in the un-organised
sector in close consultation with industry, micro enterprises
in the un-organised sector, State Governments, experts and
academia which was essential considering their educational,
social and economic background. The main objective of the
scheme is to provide employable skills to school leavers,
existing workers, ITI graduates, etc. Existing skills of the
persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme.
Priority will be given to covering those above the age of 14
years who have been or withdrawn as child labour to enable
them to learn employable skills in order to get gainful
employment. it is hoped that this website will help in
dissemination of the information about the scheme and bring
transparency. It will also helpful in getting valuable
feedback from stakeholders and public at large.
Features of the
Key features of
vocational training to school leavers, existing workers, ITI
graduates, etc. to improve their employability by optimally
utilizing the infrastructure available in Govt., private
institutions and the Industry. Existing skills of the
persons can also be tested and certified under this
To build capacity in the area of development of
competency standards, course curricula, learning material
and assessment standards in the country.
Key features of the
short term training courses based on Modular Employable
Skills (MES) decided in consultation with Industry.
MES is the ‘minimum skills set’ which is sufficient for
will facilitate and promote training while industry, private
sector and State Governments will train the
utilisation of existing infrastructure to make training cost
mechanism (part time, weekends, full time, onsite/ offsite)
to suit needs of various target groups.
of programmes (Foundation level as well as skill
upgradation) to meet demands of various target
The services of
existing or retired faculty or guest faculty to be
Courses would also
be available for persons having completed 5th
certification of skills acquired informally.
Testing of skills
of trainees by independent assessing bodies, which would not
be involved in training delivery, to ensure that it is done
The essence of the
scheme is in the certification that will be nationally and
Partnership (PPP) envisaged in the form of active
participation of the industry / Private Sector in every stage
of design and implementation of the scheme. Industry bodies
are represented in the Central Apex Committee and State
Committees which would have overall responsibility of
implementation of the scheme. Other areas of partnership
emerging areas of employment at micro
course curricula of various trades.
instructional material for training.
Assist in the
training of trainers, wherever required.
their training & testing facilities, wherever
Provide on the job
training in their establishments.
placement of graduates.
experts to work as assessors of
of equipment to the ITIs/other training
faculty in new trades.
benefit different target groups like :
certification of their skills acquired
Workers and ITI
graduates seeking skill up gradation.
drop-outs and unemployed.
labor and their families.
& Certification of Competencies
||Less educated/ Out of school youth/
One million persons
would be trained or their existing skills tested and
certified, over a period of five years. About 200 modules for
employable skills as per Industry and labour market demands
would be identified and course curriculum
The minimum age limit for persons
to take part in the scheme is 14 years but there is no upper
Employable Skills set in a sector based on division of work in
the labour market in consultation with
training modules corresponding to skills set
ModulesOrganising Modules in to Course Matrixindicating
vertical and horizontal mobility.
Vetting by a trade
committee comprising representatives of Industry, training
providers & trade experts.
from Employers/ Employees Organisations, State Govts.
Approval by the
In order to maintain
quality of training uniformly all over the country,
instructional media packages (IMPs) will be developed by the
National Instructional Media Institute (NIMI),